The Royal Society
Browse

Supplementary material from "Morphological ant mimics: constrained to imperfection?"

Posted on 2024-02-08 - 14:38
Adaptive evolution relies on both heritable variation and selection. Variation is the raw material upon which selection acts, so any mechanism that limits or prevents the generation of heritable variation reduces the power of selection to lead to adaptation. Such limitations are termed evolutionary constraints. While it is widely accepted that constraints play an important role in shaping evolutionary outcomes, their relative importance, as opposed to adaptation, in determining evolutionary outcomes remains a subject of debate. Evolutionary constraints are often evoked as the reason behind the persistence of inaccurate mimicry. Here, we compared the variation and accuracy of body-shape mimicry in ant-mimicking spiders with that of ant-mimicking insects, predicting greater constraints, and hence inaccuracy, in spiders mimicking ants, due to their evolutionary distance from the ant model. We found high inter-species variation in mimetic accuracy, but dorsally, no overall difference in mimetic accuracy between spider and insect mimics, which is inconsistent with a constraint causing inaccurate mimicry. Our study provides empirical evidence suggesting that imperfect mimicry in spiders and insects is predominantly shaped by adaptive processes rather than constraints or chance. Our findings contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms underlying evolutionary diversity and the processes that shape phenotypic outcomes.

CITE THIS COLLECTION

DataCite
3 Biotech
3D Printing in Medicine
3D Research
3D-Printed Materials and Systems
4OR
AAPG Bulletin
AAPS Open
AAPS PharmSciTech
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universität Hamburg
ABI Technik (German)
Academic Medicine
Academic Pediatrics
Academic Psychiatry
Academic Questions
Academy of Management Discoveries
Academy of Management Journal
Academy of Management Learning and Education
Academy of Management Perspectives
Academy of Management Proceedings
Academy of Management Review
or
Select your citation style and then place your mouse over the citation text to select it.

SHARE

email
need help?