Supplementary material from "Limitations in odour simulation may originate from differential sensory embodiment"
Across diverse lineages, animals communicate using chemosignals, but only humans communicate about chemical signals. Many studies have observed that compared to other sensory modalities, communication about smells is relatively rare and not always reliable. Recent cross-cultural studies, on the other hand, suggest some communities are more olfactorily oriented than previously supposed. Nevertheless, across the globe a general trend emerges where olfactory communication is relatively hard. We suggest here that this is in part because olfactory representations are different in kind: they have a low degree of embodiment, and are not easily expressed as primitives thereby limiting the mental manipulations that can be performed with them. New exploratory data from Dutch children (9–12 year-olds) and adults supports that mental imagery from olfaction is weak in comparison to vision and audition, and critically this is not affected by language development. Specifically, while visual and auditory imagery becomes more vivid with age, olfactory imagery shows no such development. This is consistent with the idea that olfactory representations are different in kind to representations from the other senses.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue ‘Chemical communication in humans'.
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Arshamian, Artin; Manko, Patricia; Majid, Asifa (2020): Supplementary material from "Limitations in odour simulation may originate from differential sensory embodiment". The Royal Society. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4888425.v1