The Royal Society

Supplementary material from "Artificial cells eavesdropping on HepG2 cells"

Posted on 2023-05-29 - 18:58
Cellular communication is a fundamental feature to ensure the survival of cellular assemblies, such as multicellular tissue, via coordinated adaption to changes in their surroundings. Consequently, the development of integrated semi-synthetic systems consisting of artificial cells (ACs) and mammalian cells requires feedback-based interactions. Here, we illustrate that ACs can eavesdrop on HepG2 cells focusing on the activity of cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2), an enzyme from the cytochrome P450 enzyme family. Specifically, d-Cysteine is sent as a signal from the ACs via the triggered reduction of disulfide bonds. Simultaneously, HepG2 cells enzymatically convert 2-cyano-6-methoxybenzothiazole into 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole that is released in the extracellular space. d-cysteine and 2-cyano-6-hydroxybenzothiazole react to form d-luciferin. The ACs respond to this signal by converting d-luciferin into luminescence due to the presence of encapsulated luciferase in the ACs. As a result, the ACs can eavesdrop on the mammalian cells to evaluate the level of hepatic CYP1A2 function.


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