Movie S5: Effect of weakening the hip muscles on the predicted walking patterns from Rapid predictive simulations with complex musculoskeletal models suggest that diverse healthy and pathological human gaits can emerge from similar control strategies

Comparison between predictive simulations with the nominal cost function, at the preferred walking speed (1.33 m s-1), and with different levels of hip muscle weakness (white model: no weakness; blue model: hip muscles weakened by 50%; red model: hip muscles weakened by 75%; yellow model: hip muscles weakened by 90%). The model uses hip circumduction to compensate for the weakness. The playback speed is 0.2 times real-time.