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supplementaryInformation.pdf from Stability and post-bifurcation of film-substrate systems

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journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2022, 08:13 authored by Andrew Akerson, Ryan S. Elliott
Morphological instabilities in soft solids with free surfaces lead to an array of deformation modes including wrinkling, creasing, folding and ridge localization. While homogeneous systems tend to form creases, stiff films over soft substrates usually exhibit surface waves. Here, we look to analytically investigate this transition through the effects of film stiffness and finite thickness on the post-bifurcation stability of these surface waves. By considering both the film and substrate as compressible Neo-Hookean solids, we apply bifurcation theory and Lyaponov–Schmidt–Koiter asymptotics to produce a phase diagram of the surface wave stability over the parameter space. While earlier works have studied the effect of film-to-substrate stiffness ratios for thin films on deep substrates in the incompressible setting, we consider the additional effects of both finite film thickness and Poisson ratio. To investigate the further evolution of these surface waves, we turn to computational methods through finite-element simulations with bifurcation branch-following techniques. We see that as the unstable surface waves evolve, they eventually lead to the beginnings of crease formation. Thus, when the surface waves are unstable, we would expect snap-back or snap-through behaviour leading to creases.