SI: game instructions; additional detail on analysis from Exploring the trade-off between quality and fairness in human partner choice
journal contributionposted on 25.10.2016 by Nichola J. Raihani, Pat Barclay
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Partner choice is an important force underpinning cooperation in humans and other animals. Nevertheless, the mechanisms individuals use to evaluate and discriminate among partners who vary across different dimensions are poorly understood. Generally, individuals are expected to prefer partners who are both able and willing to invest in cooperation but how do individuals prioritize the ability over willingness to invest when these characteristics are opposed to one another? We used a modified Dictator Game to tackle this question. Choosers evaluated partners varying in quality (proxied by wealth) and fairness, in conditions when wealth was relatively stable or liable to change. When both partners were equally fair (or unfair), choosers typically preferred the richer partner. Nevertheless, when asked to choose between a rich-stingy and a poor-fair partner, choosers prioritized fairness over wealth, with this preference being particularly pronounced when wealth was unstable. The implications of these findings for real-world partner choice are discussed.