Fig S1 from How did a duplicated gene copy evolve into a restorer-of-fertility gene in a plant? The case of Oma1
journal contributionposted on 23.10.2019 by Takumi Arakawa, Hajime Sugaya, Takaya Katsuyama, Yujiro Honma, Katsunori Matsui, Hiroaki Matsuhira, Yosuke Kuroda, Kazuyoshi Kitazaki, Tomohiko Kubo
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Restorer-of-fertility (Rf) is a suppressor of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), a mitochondrion-encoded trait that has been reported in many plant species. The occurrence of CMS is considered to be independent in each lineage; hence, the question of how Rf evolved was raised. Sugar beet Rf resembles Oma1, a gene for quality control of the mitochondrial inner membrane. Oma1 homologues comprise a small gene family in the sugar beet genome, unlike Arabidopsis and other eukaryotes. The sugar beet sequence that best matched Arabidopsis atOma1 was named bvOma1; sugar beet Rf (RF1-Oma1) was another member. During anther development, atOma1 mRNA was detected from the tetrad to the microspore stages, whereas bvOma1 mRNA was detected at the microspore stage and RF1-Oma1 mRNA was detected during the meiosis and tetrad stages. A transgenic study revealed that, whereas RF1-Oma1 can bind to a CMS-specific protein and alter the higher-order structure of the CMS-specific protein complex, neither bvOma1 nor atOma1 show such activity. We favour the hypothesis that an ancestral Oma1 gene duplicated to form a small gene family, and that one of the copies evolved and acquired a novel expression pattern and protein function as an Rf, i.e. RF1-Oma1 evolved via neofunctionalization.