find saddle points for P-D from A Fokker–Planck reaction model for the epitaxial growth and shape transition of quantum dots
2017-10-05T10:58:13Z (GMT) by
We construct a Fokker–Planck reaction (FPR) model to investigate the dynamics of the coupled epitaxial growth and shape transition process of an array of quantum dots (QDs). The FPR model is based on a coupled system of Fokker–Planck equations wherein the distribution of each island type is governed by its own Fokker–Planck equation for growth, with reaction terms describing the shape transitions between islands of different types including asymmetric shapes. The reaction terms for the shape transitions depend on the island size and are determined from explicit calculations of the lowest barrier pathway for each shape transition. This mean-field model enables us to consider the kinetics of asymmetric shape transitions and study the evolution of island shape distributions during the coupled growth and transition process. Asymmetric metastable shapes play a crucial role in the dynamics, with asymmetric QDs comprising up to 10% of the population, and with up to 100% of the shape transitions passing through asymmetric shapes. Moreover, we find that the multimodal distribution characteristic of pyramid/dome QD coarsening can be eliminated at sufficiently high temperature and deposition rate.