Figure S4 from Regulation of valve interstitial cell homeostasis by mechanical deformation: implications for heart valve disease and surgical repair

Projected 2D planes at key kinematic states for a flat-ring surgical repair: β0: in vitro mechanical testing configuration termed “free floating state”, β2: ex vivo state (heart removed), β0: in vivo pressure-loaded state. λC and λR denote the circumferential and radial tissue level deformations between the different kinematic states.