Figure 4B from DDP-resistant ovarian cancer cells-derived exosomal microRNA-30a-5p reduces the resistance of ovarian cancer cells to DDP
2020-01-20T17:20:29Z (GMT) by
Exosomes carrying microRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to play critical roles in the regulation of development, growth and metastasis of cancer. Bioinformatic predictions identified differentially expressed SRY-box 9 (SOX9) in OC, and the regulatory miRNA miR-139-5p. Here, we aim to evaluate the function of exosomal miR-139-5p in the sensitivity of ovarian cancer (OC) cells to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (DDP). Expression pattern of miR-139-5p and SOX9 in ovarian cancer cells (SKOV3) and DDP-resistant cells (SKOV3/DDP) was identified using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The relationship between miR-139-5p and SOX9 was validated using dual-luciferase reporter assay. SKOV3/DDP cell line was developed and introduced with miR-30a-5p mimic to analyse the effects of miR-30a-5p on resistance to DDP. The in vitro and in vivo effects of exosomal miR-30a-5p on resistance of SKOV3 cells to DDP were assessed in a co-culture system of exosomes and OC cells as well as in tumour-bearing nude mice. High expression of SOX9 and low expression of miR-30-5p were witnessed in OC. Furthermore, miR-30-5p, a downregulated miRNA in SKOV3/DDP cells, increased the rate of cell apoptosis and enhanced the sensitivity of SKOV3/DDP cells to DDP by targeting SOX9. Moreover, exosomes carrying miR-30a-5p were identified to sensitize SKOV3/DDP cells to DDP both in vitro and in vivo. These data together supported an important conclusion that DDP-resistant OC cell-derived exosomal miR-30a-5p enhanced cellular sensitivity to DDP, highlighting a potential strategy to overcome drug resistance.