rsob200050_si_002.xlsx (817.79 kB)

Table S1 from Disruption of TFIIH activities generates a stress gene expression response and reveals possible new targets against cancer

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posted on 01.06.2020 by Maritere Uriostegui-Arcos, Rodrigo Aguayo-Ortiz, María del Pilar Valencia-Morales, Erika Melchy-Pérez, Yvonne Rosenstein, Laura Dominguez, Mario Zurita
Disruption of the enzymatic activities of the transcription factor TFIIH by the small molecules Triptolide (TPL) or THZ1 could be used against cancer. Here, we used the MCF10A-ErSrc oncogenesis model to compare the effect of TFIIH inhibitors between transformed cells and their progenitors. We report that tumour cells exhibited highly increased sensitivity to TPL or THZ1 and that the combination of both had a synergic effect. TPL affects the interaction between XPB and p52, causing a reduction in the levels of XPB, p52 and p8, but not other TFIIH subunits. RNA-Seq and RNAPII-ChIP-Seq experiments showed that although the levels of many transcripts were reduced, the levels of a significant number were increased after TPL treatment, with maintained or increased RNAPII promoter occupancy. A significant number of these genes encode for factors that have been related to tumour growth and metastasis, suggesting that transformed cells might rapidly develop resistance to TPL/THZ inhibitors. Some of these genes were also overexpressed in response to THZ1, which depletion enhances the toxicity of TPL and are possible new targets against cancer.