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Data files from Dynamics of droplet impingement on bioinspired surface: insights into spreading, anomalous stickiness and break-up

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posted on 05.09.2019 by Durbar Roy, Khushboo Pandey, Meneka Banik, Rabibrata Mukherjee, Saptarshi Basu
Inspired from the self-cleaning ability of the lotus leaves and stickiness (towards water) of rose petals, we investigate the droplet impact dynamics on such bioinspired substrates. Impact studies are carried out with water droplets for a range of impact velocities on glass, PDMS and soft lithographically fabricated replicas of the lotus leaf and rose petals, which exhibits near identical wetting properties as that of the original biological entities. In this work, we investigate the spreading, dewetting and droplet break-up mechanisms subsequent to impact. Surprisingly, the rose petal and lotus leaf replicas manifest similar impact dynamics. The observation is extremely intriguing and counterintuitive, as rose petal and its replicas are sticky in contrast to lotus leaves. However, these observations are based on experiments performed with sessile water droplets. By contrast, in the current study, we find that rose petal replicas exhibit non-sticky behaviour at the short time-scale ~(0(10-3)) s similar to that exhibited by lotus leaf replicas. Air-entrapment in the micrometre features of bioinspired surfaces prevents frictional dissipation of droplet kinetic energy, leading to contact edge recession. We have also unveiled interesting universal physics that govern the spreading, recession of the contact edge and subsequent break-up modes (ligament or bulb-ligament) of the droplet.