## C-C beam from Indirect reduced-order modelling: using nonlinear manifolds to conserve kinetic energy

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posted on 17.11.2020, 11:23 by Evangelia Nicolaidou, Thomas L. Hill, Simon A. NeildNonlinear dynamic analysis of complex engineering structures modelled using commercial finite element (FE) software is computationally expensive. Indirect reduced-order modelling strategies alleviate this cost by constructing low-dimensional models using a static solution dataset from the FE model. The applicability of such methods is typically limited to structures in which (a) the main source of nonlinearity is the quasi-static coupling between transverse and in-plane modes (i.e. membrane stretching); and (b) the amount of in-plane displacement is limited. We show that the second requirement arises from the fact that, in existing methods, in-plane kinetic energy is assumed to be negligible. For structures such as thin plates and slender beams with fixed/pinned boundary conditions, this is often reasonable, but in structures with free boundary conditions (e.g. cantilever beams), this assumption is violated. Here, we exploit the concept of nonlinear manifolds to show how the in-plane kinetic energy can be accounted for in the reduced dynamics, without requiring any additional information from the FE model. This new insight enables indirect reduction methods to be applied to a far wider range of structures while maintaining accuracy to higher deflection amplitudes. The accuracy of the proposed method is validated using an FE model of a cantilever beam.