(ALL ESMS IN ONE PDF FILE)Supplementary Material 1: CATEGORIES; Supplementary Material 2: ASSESSING PUBLICATION BIAS; Supplementary Material 3: REPRESENTATION OF THE MEAN VALUES OF THE CV FOR TRAIT TYPES, ENVIRONMENTS AND TAXA; Supplementary Material 4: EVALUATION OF THE MODELS’ RESIDUALS; Supplementary Material 5: WHEN EXCLUDING PLANTS FROM THE ANALYSES TAXA BECOMES LITTLE INFLUENTIAL from Adaptive phenotypic plasticity for life-history and less fitness-related traits

A) REPORTED CATEGORIES. Table S1: Information collected from each study. Table S2: Summary of the sample sizes from the data set analysed. B) CATEGORISATION OF TRAIT SUB-TYPES.C) MAIN SUB-CATEGORIES OF THE ENVIRONMENTS; Figure S1: Funnel plot from all published data collected from 1987-2011. Figure S2: Histogram showing the increase on the publications on phenotypic plasticity over years.; Figure S3: Mean coefficients of variation from trait types, environment types and taxa.; Figure S4: Residuals from the selected models including only the trait types. Upper panel: Residuals from the fitted model using the data from the original data set. Lower panel: illustrates the residuals from the fitted model using the averages of the CVs.; Table S3: Competing linear models excluding all plant data and selected based on AIC. Models used as response variable the log transformed Coefficient of Variation (scaled plasticity) and explored combinations of trait type, environment and taxa as fixed effects. Reference study was included as a random effect and repetitions (sample size) as a weighting factor. No plants Model