The FTIR spectrum of OPA.; The 1H NMR of OPA.; The 13C NMR of OPA.; TG-DSC/DTG curve of the uncalcined traditional ZSM-5 sample. from Synthesis of an excellent MTP catalyst: hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolites with great mesoporosity

A unique organosiloxane-polyether amine (OPA) was produced and used as mesoporogen to efficiently synthesize hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolites with great mesoporosity. We have employed silica sol and tetraethylorthosilicate, respectively, to investigate the influence of different silicon sources on hierarchical zeolites in the presence of OPA. The mesopores of synthesized samples focused on 6–15 nm, and the external surface area varied from 185 to 463 m<sup>2</sup> g<sup>−1</sup> where the micropore surface area maintained at 245–334 m<sup>2</sup> g<sup>−1</sup>. Benefiting from the superior structure properties, these samples were used as catalysts in the reaction of methanol to propylene, and the optimal one catalysed for 180 h with methanol conversion above 95%. The as-produced OPA could connect with zeolite frameworks through covalent bonds (–Si–O–Si–) steadily during the hydrothermal crystallization process. This type of connection mode could effectively avoid the formation of amorphous phase and the special molecular structure of OPA could efficiently introduce abundant mesopores with few micropores being consumed. The samples synthesized with silicon sol were made up of quasi-circular particles in size of about 800 nm further consisted of nanocrystals of 40 nm, and the samples produced with TEOS have a particle size of about 1–2 μm aggregated with nanocrystals of 300 nm.