Supplementary Materials 2 from Further discussion on the reaction behaviour of triallyl isocyanurate in the UV radiation cross-linking process of polyethylene: a theoretical study

Further theoretical investigation on the reaction behaviour of triallyl isocyanurate (TAIC) in the UV radiation cross-linking process of polyethylene (PE) is accomplished by density functional theory for high voltage cable insulation materials. The reaction potential energy information of the 13 reaction channels at B3LYP/6–311 + G(d,p) level are identified. These have been explored that the TAIC take part in the reaction behaviour on ground state during UV radiation cross-linking process and TAIC intra-molecular isomerization reaction itself. In addition, the results show that the effect of multiplication and acceleration for the cross-linking reaction of trimethylopropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) would be better than that of TAIC. It has further clarified the reasons why UV radiation cross-linking reaction of PE had been initiated by benzophenone (Bp), and the TAIC or TMPTMA needed to take part. The results obtained in the present study could directly guide both the optimization of UV radiation cross-linking PE process and the development of the insulation material of high-voltage cable in real application.