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Phylogenetic tree used in the phylogenetic analyses from Testing the metabolic homeostasis hypothesis in amphibians

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posted on 14.05.2019 by Lucas E. Kreiman, Jaiber J. Solano-Iguaran, Leonardo D. Bacigalupe, Daniel E. Naya
A number of hypotheses about compensatory mechanisms that allow ectothermic animals to cope with the latitudinal decrease in ambient temperature (TA) have been proposed during the last century. One of these hypotheses, the ‘metabolic homeostasis’ hypothesis (MHH), states that species should show the highest thermal sensitivity of the metabolic rate (Q10-SMR) at the colder end of the range of TAs they usually experience in nature. This way, species should be able to minimize maintenance costs during the colder hours of the day, but quickly take advantage of increases in TA during the warmer parts of the day. Here, we created a dataset that includes Q10-SMR values for 58 amphibian species, assessed at four thermal ranges, to evaluate three predictions derived from the MHH. In line with this hypothesis, we found that: (i) Q10-SMR values tended to be positively correlated with latitude when measured at lower TAs, but negative correlated with latitude when measured at higher TAs, (ii) Q10-SMR measured at lower TAs were higher in temperate species, whereas Q10-SMR measured at higher TAs were higher in tropical species, and (iii) the experimental TA at which Q10-SMR was maximal for each species decreased with latitude. This is the first study to our knowledge showing that the relationship between Q10-SMR and latitude in ectotherms changes with the TA at which Q10-SMR is assessed, as predicted from an adaptive hypothesis.This article is part of the theme issue ‘Physiological diversity and global patterns of biodiversity in a time of global climate change: testing and generating key hypotheses involving temperature and oxygen’.