Figure S.4: A well-informed Laigwanan delivering health education to the Maasai community during anthrax outbreak in Monduli district, northern Tanzania from Risk factors for human cutaneous anthrax outbreaks in the hotspot districts of Northern Tanzania: an unmatched case–control study

Regular health education as a tool for controlling anthrax outbreaks in the hotspot areas of northern Tanzania. Furthermore, health education is paramount for control of disease spread during anthrax outbreaks. Important and targeted messages are aired to the affected communities through public address, leaflets, and use of the most respected local leaders like ‘the Laigwanan’ in the Maasai community. These leaders are more influential to the society so the messages given by them are highly trusted and comprehended by their community members. The key messages provided includes: (i) don't open the carcass of animals suspected to have died from anthrax because by doing so, you expose the spores into the aerobic environment and they can sporulate and cause more outbreaks, (ii) don't eat raw and/or undercooked meat from dead animals, (iii) take your animals for vaccination depending on the schedule given by your local veterinary expert and, (iv) when fall sick go to the neighboring health facility for medical attention.