Experimental raw data from Fractal kinetic characteristics of hard-rock uranium leaching with sulfuric acid

In order to study the fractal dynamic properties of uranium leach mining and discuss the influence of ore crushing on the dynamics of leach mining, uranium mine ore rocks in southern China were selected as the research object and an acid leaching experiment was performed on the ore samples with different fractal dimensions of 1.1, 1.4, 1.7, 2.0, 2.3 and 2.6. In the column leaching experiment, a PVC pipe with an inner diameter of 112 mm and a height of 1500 mm was used. The uranium content was determined by using titanium trioxide that was placed into a 0.1 mg ml−1 standard uranium solution, and a sampling rate of once daily with a 5 ml volume of leaching solution was adopted after 8 h drenching time. The results show that the flow rate of the leaching solution depends on the distribution of the ore's particle size, that is, a larger fractal dimension results in a smaller flow rate. The concentration of the uranium leaching solution reaches a maximum value which subsequently decreases with time on the third day of the experiment, and it seems that the changes in the uranium concentration tend to be stable at around 15 days. Moreover, the concentration seems to increase with the increasing fractal dimension, and the fractal dimension of the ore particle size has a significant impact on the leaching kinetics. When the fractal dimension is between 1.1 and 2.6, the uranium dissolution rate, K, increases with the increasing fractal dimension. The kinetic reaction of the uranium leaching is a liquid–solid one, which is controlled by chemical reactions in the earlier phase. While the middle reaction phase is mainly chemical-diffusion reaction coupling, and the latter part of the reaction is controlled by diffusion. As the fractal dimension increases, the liquid–solid reaction controlled by diffusion appears at earlier phases. When the fractal dimension is greater than 2.0, with an increase in the fractal dimension, the time of entering the diffusion control phase only changed very little. At last, a fractal dimension of 2.0 is suggested for the acid leaching of uranium ore crushing.